Geisinger Aids Diabetes Care with Community Food Initiative

– Geisinger’s Fresh Food Farmacy application, that provides diabetic adults with access to free, nutritious food and in depth health behavioral solutions, has proven more efficient and less costly than other methods of treatment.

The strategy offers a promising option to the future of diabetes care, wrote a team of Geisinger leaders within an article for the Harvard Business Review.

Patients enrolled in the food plan for 12 weeks have seen their Hb1Ac levels fall more than two points, from an average of 9.6 into 7.5. In comparison, diabetic patients who just add a second or third medication to their treatment generally find their Hb1Ac levels fall between 0.5 and 1.2 points.

The program has shown financial benefits. Ahead of the initiative began, the app patients’ care price Geisinger between $8,000 and $12,000 per individual per month. The program has significantly reduced these costs .

“Finding powerful, less costly remedies for diabetes is crucial because of its enormous social and financial costs and its rising prevalence: 1 in 10 individuals now has diabetes, and it is estimated that by 2050 the figure increases to one in three,” said Andrea Feinberg, MD, Medical Director of Health and Wellness.

The New Food Farmacy app supplies their families with all the food, menus and meals needed to prepare two healthy meals five days per week.

Furthermore, to ensure that patients achieve sustained lifestyle improvements, participants enrol on goal setting, wholesome eating habits, along with medication management. Each player can also be assigned a care team, consisting of a doctor, pharmacist, dietician, pharmacist, and staff.

Geisinger employed the program in a county that had particularly substantial rates of poverty and food insecurity, or access to food.

It is prevalent in the towns Geisinger serves, while food insecurity is a widespread issue: 14 percentage of the populations and 23 percent of children can’t reliably access food that is healthy . One in eight of those individuals has diabetes.

During the first nine months, the program grew from an initial six patients to 50 patients and their families. Today, their families and over 80 patients are enrolled, and approximately 250 individuals are given 10 meals per week.

“Our initiative has had a greater impact on diabetes control (albeit in a small population) than expensive medications that have major side effects,” Feinberg said. “We also have seen substantial improvements in patients’ cholesterol, blood sugars, and triglycerides — developments that could lower the odds of heart disease and other cardiovascular disease”

For organizations Feinberg states it is critical to keep involvement. Patients experience challenges that make it hard to fully engage with the program, home, and transport.

To assist patients navigate these issues, the program attracted on community health advocates who would guarantee all participants receive care.

Feinberg states it is very important that staff and suppliers to care teams exercise at their greatest degree, as individual resource costs account for most of the expenditures of the program. Carefully distributing work retains members out of feeling helps them function on the best of their ability and also overwhelmed.    

Going to ensure it will be supported by healthcare payers by demonstrating its financial benefits Geisinger plans to expand the application.

By producing an app that will enable communication, participation, and information exchange with a provider-facing clinical dash they are also seeking to improve their data-capture procedures.

“Finally, we hope to extend this program to attain food-insecure children with diabetes as well as diabetics to whom food insecurity is not an issue,” Feinberg reasoned. “If programs like ours could be increased to a national level, they can improve the health of countless individuals with diabetes, vastly decrease outlays, and also help decrease the prevalence of diabetes”


Diabetes and Pregnancy: Patient and Doctor Tips

Concerned about starting a new family? Diabetes and pregnancy may be a challenging encounter — it is more than possible when you are living with type 1 or type 2 diabetes to have a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby, though contrary to senior school thinking.

To get a few of the Very Best and many down-to-earth advice potential, we spoke recently with two wonderful specialists, one from the physician side and one from the individual POV:

Dr. Kristin Castorino of this William Sansum Diabetes Center at Santa Barbara, that among other things follows in the footsteps of renowned D-pregnancy expert Dr. Lois Jovanovič, serving as the attending physician in the Santa Barbara County Public Health department teaching medical residents how to take care for women with pregnancy and diabetes.

Brooke Gibson, a form 1 to 32 years that has four healthy pregnancies (!) And consists of founder of all T1D Sugar Mommas, a San Francisco Bay Area support group for expectant and new moms with type 1 diabetes.

Both were kind enough to share their very best gems of insight along with our community at the following double-interview.

As always, we encourage anyone with first-hand understanding of these subjects to delve in, from the remarks section below.

(Also, stay tuned for an summary of Gestational Diabetes, that we’ll publish soon with some great strategies on addressing that condition especially.)

DM) Ladies, in your view, what would be the biggest general misconceptions concerning pregnancy and diabetes?

Dr. Castorino) I think the greatest misconception about pregnancy and diabetes is there are only two states — pregnant and pregnant.     In reality, pregnancy is more complex.     A woman’s body is changing also may necessitate weekly modifications for her diabetes routine, like modifications or changes in insulin requirement. The first trimester is a time where women are most sensitive to insulin and Might also be struggling with morning sickness and the two of them May Lead to hypos.     For insulin resistance that was important — the third trimester is known on the opposite end. Their pre-pregnant amount doubles . Not to be forgotten is the postpartum period.     Soon many women’s insulin requirements drop particularly if they’re breastfeeding.

Brooke Gibson) By an overall overall view, the largest misconception seems to be that diabetic women cannot have healthy babies, and this is the furthest thing from the fact that

What do women have a tendency to fret about most that’s unfounded?

Dr. Castorino) It is true that many women with preexisting diabetes stress that they can have a healthy infant.     Their Web searches, and medical remarks have skewed the most recent data which shows that women with T1 that’s well-controlled have babies typically. I trust all    women with T1D (particularly young ones) understand that T1 should not impede programs for pregnancy.     Many women with T1 are very worried they will pass T1 on for their kid.     Even though there is a risk —    see ADA facts — in most cases the risk is not important (1 in 100). But for men with T1 the danger is higher (1 in 17).     With the advances in diabetes technologies diabetes experts concur this should not be.

Brooke Gibson) I think one of the biggest items… is that should they have just one high blood glucose, they are doing a lot of harm to their infant. While blood glucose may have a impact, an single blood glucose that’s adjusted should not impose any issues. This was something that my perinatologist always told me. In my first pregnancy when I’d freak out about having a high blood glucose, she’d remind me I wasn’t keeping it and I do the very best I could do to fix it.

What SHOULD women with diabetes be worried about during pregnancy?

Dr. Castorino) During pregnancy, your goal should be to be in the best control of T1 or T2 your life.     During pregnancy, the Objective is near normal blood glucose most of the time.     Scientists at the University of Colorado (Teri Hernandez and Lynn Barbor) showed that women with diabetes have blood glucose Selection of ~ 60 — 110mg/dL While Pregnant.     From all the research that’s been achieved during pregnancy, the very best way to produce a sugar environment that is normal for babies is to steer clear of things that cause sugar changes that are large. Definitely, the No. 1 reason for irregular blood glucose is food — especially food that you understand makes your blood glucose. One trick is to become “boring” by eating foods that are reproducible and simple to correctly bolus for. For variety, try vegetables that are new.

Risk of Passing on Type 1 Diabetes For Your Baby

In the American Diabetes Association:

  • In general, if you’re a person with T1D, the probability of your child developing diabetes are 1 at 17.
  • If you’re a woman with T1D and your kid was born before you were 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 25.
  • If a kid was born once you switched 25, your child’s risk is 1 in 100.
  • Your kid’s risk is doubled if you developed diabetes before age 11.
  • If both you and your spouse have T1D, the danger is between 1 in 10, and 1 4.

Brooke Gibson) As mentioned, high blood sugar really are something that you want to attempt to prevent as far as you can, and… the farther you advance into the pregnancy the more insulin resistance you will most likely encounter. By the time you’re in your third trimester, your rates may be shifting. This is not true for everyone, but for T1D women. And it’s important to not forget that every pregnancy differs. My insulin needs were different in each one of my four pregnancies.      

What’s your best tip for women with T1D that are already or trying to become pregnant?

Dr. Castorino) My best tip is that getting pregnant is a marathon, not a sprint.     Women spend years trying to Prevent pregnancy, and all a sudden, the stars align and they are ready to start a family.     It is normal to take two or a year to become pregnant. This Is a Great time to make Certain You Have all the resources you require for the Ideal T1D management of your own life.     Do it if You Are Thinking about getting pump or a new CGM.     If you have been wanting to change your workout regimen — make those adjustments and learn how they affect your sugar control.

My second suggestion is that miscarriage is common for ALL WOMEN (10-17 percent of pregnancies result in miscarriage), but not all women prepare for pregnancy and are closely watching to the earliest signs of pregnancy.     About half of all pregnancies in the United States are proposed, and the rest are a surprise. Many women don’t even recognize it and miscarry.     So whenever you’re working hard at getting ready for pregnancy, it’s also essential to find a balance and revel in life “BC” — before kids.

Brooke Gibson) Among the most essential measures besides having good blood glucose control is to make certain you have a great supportive medical team. You need an endocrinologist and OB/GYN that aren’t going to make you feel awful and that will help and encourage you. They must be knowledgeable and ready to direct you and not make you feel like you’re just screwing this up across the way. It is very important to be receptive to suggestions and changes as you monitor food ingestion and your blood glucose. Additionally, locating a neighborhood group like our T1D Sugar Mommas is a superb support system! It is wonderful to be able to talk pregnant or have had kids.

Likewise, what’s your best pregnancy idea for women with T2 diabetes?

Dr. Castorino) Women with T2 can learn by their T1 sisters, because much of “what works” for T1 May Be Used for T2.     By Way of Example, consider using a glucose monitor to help better manage sugar values associated with foods.     While preventing low blood sugars the same as T1, women with T2 should strive for blood glucose.

Tests & Targets During Diabetic Pregnancy

Rather than the usual A1C test every 3 weeks, during pregnancy you receive the exam.

Tight glucose control during pregnancy generally aims for 60-105 mg/dL before meals, and less than 140 mg/dL after ingestion.

Target A1C when pregnant is less than 6%.

All pregnant women have an ultrasound about week 18 to monitor the infant’s development; without diabetes, anticipate to get ultrasound scans much more frequently.

Brooke Gibson) I am not an expert in this area, but I think that it would have to be the exact same advice as a T1: Be certain you have a great supportive medical staff and some other additional support that you could. It’ll be important to watch your diet as an unlike insulin to control your blood glucose to insure.

What should these women be looking for in a health care professional who will guide them during a healthy pregnancy?

Dr. Castorino) Most women with T1 or T2 in pregnancy desire more than 1 individual on their healthcare team:

  • Obstetrician (OB/GYN) — This is the man who will provide your infant. It is frequently not the case although it’s fine when they’re comfortable with diabetes. Consult your OB how she or he oversees women.     This can help you to construct your team.
  • Diabetes and Pregnancy Expert — Look for another healthcare professional who understands this field well, such as a dietitian, diabetes educator, perinatologist, or endocrinologist — the title is not as significant than the encounter.
  • ____________ (fill in the blank) Everybody else that could be instrumental in encouraging a Wholesome pregnancy, like a counselor or psychiatrist, or dietitian.    

That you have build your fantasy team.

Brooke Gibson) It is undoubtedly a bonus if your physician has expertise with T1D and pregnancy. But occasionally your health care professionals will just prefer to focus within their particular expertise. Making sure you’re in good communication with each one your doctors is what is important. You can receive your endocrinologist give you the ability to control your blood glucose and your OB who will guide you during your pregnancy. Ensure OB or that your endocrinologist professional knows to request the tests a T1D desire or may want, such as an echocardiogram for a fetus at around 18 to 20 weeks and the strain testing near the end of pregnancy.

Bonus issue for T1D Momma Brooke: ​ ​For somebody who went through multiple diabetic pregnancies yourself, what would you like to share on the topic?​​

Brooke Gibson) Being a pregnant T1D is definitely an additional full-time job along with everything else happening in your own life. It is important to stay on top of your blood glucose and be in good contact.

Among the biggest things I’ve learned is never to be overly hard on your own. Find a support system that helps you. A lot might be the same as somebody who does not have diabetes. Every girl hopes to have a baby.

Know that it’s possible to have healthy babies. And also look at it as an edge to have a few added peaks. I enjoyed all my ultrasounds!

Image Attribution

Image Attribution


Thank you to our resident physician and individual experts!

**NOTE ALSO**: T1D ExChange is currently conducting a survey of women with pre-existing T1D who have given birth in the past ten decades, to improve medical knowledge on varicose veins. If you qualify, please take the survey here.  

Some Resources on Diabetes and Pregnancy

JDRF Toolkit for Pregnancy and Type 1 Diabetes — a detailed guide for future and present expectant parents with type 1 diabetes available digitally and in print. T1D Sugar Mommas logo

T1D Sugar Mommas — Brooke’s San Francisco-based support group for type 1 PWD mothers, also present on Instagram.

Diabetic Mommy — an internet site and community website run by a mother with type two diabetes.

“Balancing Pregnancy with Pre-existing Diabetes” — guidebook by advocate and T1D mother Cheryl Alkon.

“Diabetes and Pregnancy: A Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy” — comprehensive manual for women with T1, T2, or gestational diabetes with David A. Sacks.

Seven Things That Are Amazing About Being Pregnant using Type 1 Diabetes — an enjoyable take on the Status by prolific blogger and advocate Kim Vlasnik on her website Texting My Pancreas.

Disclaimer: Content created by this Diabetes Mine team. For more details click here.


This material is created a consumer health blog, for Diabetes Mine. The content is not medically examined and does not adhere to the editorial recommendations of Healthline. To find out more regarding Healthline’s partnership with Diabetes Mine, please click here.


Lifetime Mortgages And Finance

The lifetime mortgage is described as a form of an Equity Release plan which allows individuals to access a portion of equity which has accumulated in their homes. The lifetime mortgage legal and general and is the more popular form of Equity Release due to their flexibility and allows the homeowner to retain 100% ownership of their properties.

Eligibility For Lifetime Mortgages

When you own a property and you are 55 years of age or older, you become eligible for the application of a Lifetime Mortgage. For many homeowners, they find that paying into a property for the majority of their lifetime they are rich in assets, but they don’t have savings available for things the would like to do later on in life. If you require these funds, you should consider access to this wealth in a safe and flexible way without the need to sell your home. Lifetime Mortgages are all government regulated that come with various inbuilt-customer safeguards.

The Advantages Of Lifetime Mortgages

• Gives you control over your debt. Regardless of the amount you have chosen to release with your Lifetime Mortgage, you will never need to pay more than your properties value and you will never pass this debt onto your estate. If you decide to move and you do not want to repay this money you are able to transfer this plan to the next property.

• Some plans offer flexibility in the way of taking an amount of 10,000 pounds that is tax-free, leaving additional funds in a reserve for when it is needed.

• You maintain the ownership of your property with a Lifetime Mortgage

is equity release safe

3 Lifetime Mortgage Types

There are 3 main Lifetime Mortgage types:

1. Roll-Up Lifetime Mortgage

This plan involves receiving a cash lump-sum that is free from monthly repayments. Interest will accumulate on the cash amount you have chosen to release. The lump-sum and interest are paid off when the home-owner of the deed has died or moves into long-term permanent care.

2. Drawdown Lifetime Mortgage

This plan works on the same principles of the Roll-Up Lifetime Mortgage, but you have the choice to release your money flexibly, when and as you require it. Interest does not accumulate on cash held in a reserve until you release it, which allows for a way to minimize interest charges.

releasing equity from your mortgage

3. Flexible Lifetime Mortgage

This plan allows for a way to contribute voluntary payments to your mortgage. A few of these plans come with monthly interest-payments, but you are not required to make a payment if you don’t want to. Similar to the Drawdown and Roll-up Lifetime Mortgage you will receive your lump-sum payment and retain 100% homeownership.

Gillette Physician appeals medical Permit suspension

A long-time Gillette physician has now appealed the Wyoming Board of Medicine’s decision to suspend her permit.

After a three-year investigation along with also a closed hearing in July, the board suspended Dr. Rebecca Painter’s permit for five years.

The board found that Painter had acted improperly using a patient and the patient’s family by becoming involved with the patient’s financing and company. Over several years, Painter became buddies with her elderly patient, who requested Painter for help with personal matters, according to the board’s identification. The patient’s family thought Painter’s involvement with the patient was unethical and requested the board to investigate.

The board also decided that Painter didn’t follow protocol when she stopped providing medical care to the patient following the board started its own investigation.

Back in October, the board released a 275-page report outlining its findings.

In her appeal, Painter asserts the the board wasn’t enough to suspend her permit in July before publishing the report.

Painter goes to state that the report does not include enough proof to support her permit suspension. She also said the July hearing was prohibited because she had been denied her right to due process and since only two of six board members attended the hearing, which had been the foundation for her suspension.

Her allure goes on to contest the contents of the board report.

Investigators examined four regions where Painter may have acted improperly: with her patient, with her patient’s household, through unnecessary medical care and obligations and in erroneously ending her medical connection with the patient.

In research unnecessary health care services and dubious payments, researchers found some evidence for the breach but didn’t include it among the explanations for sanctioning Painter.

Painter’s appeal stated by mentioning the breach in one section of the report, but not fixing it in the list of sanctions, it is unclear whether the breach hauled to the board’s final disciplinary decision.

Painter maintains that the board’s job is to conserve the Medical Practice Act, and because researchers looked to and educated her for activities unrelated to that action, they acted outside their authorized purview.

The report contained testimony from two experts on whether Painter acted unethically supporting the patient by doing things such as estate planning and hiring ranch employees for her. The experts contradicted each other, and the board found the testimony of this expert who stated Painter acted unethically to be persuasive.

In her appeal, Painter said the legal standard the board was used to assess the 2 experts wasn’t applicable to the subject of health ethics, and therefore, with their testimony to make decisions regarding her behavior was prohibited, according to court documents. She also said the expert testimony addressed criteria beyond what is set out in the board’s policies, forcing her to adhere to moral requirements she hadn’t known existed.

To explain its findings, the committee summarized a few areas where Painter allegedly acted improperly toward her patient, among which had been through sexual misconduct.

Painter competitions the sexual misconduct locating since the Board’s definition of sexual misconduct which is “too broad” in that it does not need sexual contact, according to court documents. Further, Painter stated she was convicted of sexual misconduct.

Along with a permit suspension, Painter must attend a couple of courses, pay a $15,000 fine and cover $78,526 half of the board’s investigation expenses, by the end of January. She stated the demand that she cover the expenses of the investigation is prohibited, according to court documents.

Painter filed the case against both board researchers, as well as the whole Board of Medicine. The board’s attorney recently filed a motion for District Judge Thomas Rumpke to dismiss the board as part of their allure. The board also requested that a large part of the board’s records of its proceedings with Painter be private.

Rumpke will deal with the motions at a hearing March 26.

Formerly, the state Board of Medicine put sanctions on Painter from 1999, but those sanctions were ignored following Painter filed a petition with the court, according to court documents.